Perception: Two Groups
When asking participants to vote on something they are divided into 3 groups. One group agrees and raise their hands while another is against and do not raise their hands. Participants generally hold the belief that voters among them are only divided into those two groups. In reality this is not true.
Reality: Three Groups
In reality there is a third group that have also not raised their hands but unlike the group that have not raised their hands due to disagreeing, this third group have not raised their hand for other reasons. The reasons may include that they have not yet made up their minds therefore they are not raising their hands or are shy to raise their hands to express their agreement with the subject of the vote.
This 3-group voting phenomenon and the general ignorance of it on the side of participants opens the door for the trainer to manipulate the vote by asking participants to select the option the trainer does not want them to select guaranteeing that the third ‘silent’ group will keep their hands down misleadingly giving the impression to the rest of the participants that they do not agree with the subject of the vote.
To what extent do you find it ethical for a trainer to use the flaw in such type of voting to his advantage?